Estrogen Receptor beta Antibody

Estrogen Receptor beta Polyclonal Antibody for Western blot, IF, ICC, IHC (P, F), GS

>> See 14 other antibodies for ESR2 (ER Beta, ER, ESR2, ESR-Beta)
Synonyms:
ER Beta, ER, ESR2, ESR-Beta
Details
Host / Isotype: Rabbit
Class: Polyclonal
Type: Antibody
Tested Species Reactivity: Human (Hu), Mouse (Ms), Rat (Rt), Non-human primate (Nhp), Ovine (Ov)
Published Species Reactivity: Bovine (Bv), Hamster (Hm), Human (Hu), Mouse (Ms), Non-human primate (Nhp), Ovine (Ov), Porcine (Po), Rat (Rt)
Immunogen: Synthetic peptide corresponding to residues A(55) E P Q K S P W C E A R S L E H(70) of rat ER beta.
Ordering Information
Pierce Estrogen Receptor beta Antibody
Product #
PA1-311
Size
50 µg
Price
$360.00
Purchase
Add Estrogen Receptor beta Antibody to your cart.
Tested Applications Dilution *
Western Blot (WB) 1-2 µg/ml
Immunofluorescence (IF) 0.5 µg/ml
Immunocytochemistry (ICC) 2-4 µg/ml
Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin, Frozen) (IHC (P, F)) 1-2 µg/ml
Gel Shift (GS) 1-5 µl
Published Applications Dilution
Western Blot (WB) See publications below
Immunocytochemistry (ICC) See publications below
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) See publications below
Flow Cytometry (FACS) See publications below
Immunoprecipitation (IP) See publications below
ChIP assay (ChIP) See publications below
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrates the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
Form Information
Form: Liquid
Concentration: 1mg/ml
Purification: Antigen affinity chromatography
Storage Buffer: PBS with 1mg/ml BSA
Preservative: 0.05% sodium azide
Storage Conditions: -20° C, Avoid Freeze/Thaw Cycles
Product Specific Information
PA1-311 detects estrogen receptor (ER) beta from human, non-human primate, mouse, ovine and rat tissues.

PA1-311 has been successfully used in Western blot, immunohistochemistry, immunocytochemistry and gel shift procedures. By Western blot, this antibody detects an ~55-62 kDa protein representing ER beta from rat brain homogenate. Immunohistochemical staining of ER beta in rat cerebellum with PA1-311 results in cytoplasmic staining in Purkinje neurons. PA1-311 efficiently supershifts rat ER beta/ER response element (vitellogenin xenopus A2 gene).

The PA1-311 immunogen is a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues A(55) E P Q K S P W C E A R S L E H(70) of rat ER beta.

Recombinant ER beta expressed in baculovirus system (Cat. # RP-311 and RP-312) can be purchased for control experiments in Western blot and gel shift assays.

General Information
The human ER-beta is a newly discovered estrogen receptor initially cloned and characterized from testis. The size and structure of ER-beta is very similar to ER-alpha with the ligand and DNA binding domains being highly conserved, while the amino terminus which serves as their transactivation domain has diverged significantly. Similar in function to ER-alpha ER-beta binds to estrogen with a high affinity and regulates estrogen specific gene activation through direct interaction with estrogen response elements (ERE's).
Product Images
  • Estrogen Receptor beta Antibody (PA1-311) in IF
    PA1-311_Immunofluorescence.jpg

    Immunofluorescence with anti-Estrogen Receptor beta Polyclonal Antibody (PA1-311) (PA1-311_Immunofluorescence.jpg)

    Immunofluorescence with anti-Estrogen Receptor beta Polyclonal Antibody (PA1-311)

  • Estrogen Receptor beta Antibody (PA1-311) in IHC
    Esr2_Antibody_PA1-311_Immunohistochemical(IHC).jpg

    Immunohistochemistry with anti-Estrogen Receptor beta Polyclonal Antibody (PA1-311) (Esr2_Antibody_PA1-311_Immunohistochemical(IHC).jpg)

    Immunohistochemistry with anti-Estrogen Receptor beta Polyclonal Antibody (PA1-311)

    Immunolocalization of ER beta in primate amygdala using PA1-311.
Publications:
Western Blot
  Species / Dilution Summary
  Bv / 0
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry and western blot to investigate the expression and localization of estrogen receptor alpha and beta and progesterone receptor in bovine oviducts

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2003 Feb;84(2-3):279-89.
"Expression and localization of estrogen receptor alpha, estrogen receptor beta and progesterone receptor in the bovine oviduct in vivo and in vitro."
Author(s): Ulbrich SE, Kettler A, Einspanier R
Number of Citations: 0
(See PubMed article )
  Bv / 1:750
PA1-311 was used in western blot to investigate the developmental role of oestrogen and progesterone receptors in bovine mammary glands

J Endocrinol. 2003 May;177(2):305-17.
"Expression and localisation of oestrogen and progesterone receptors in the bovine mammary gland during development, function and involution."
Author(s): Schams D, Kohlenberg S, Amselgruber W, Berisha B, Pfaffl MW, Sinowatz F
Number of Citations: 3
(See PubMed article )
  Bv / 2 ug/ml
PA1-311 was used in flow cytometry and western blot to investigate the expression of estrogen receptor beta in bovine blood neutrophils

J Immunol Methods. 2007 May 31;323(1):88-92.
"Flow cytometric assessment of estrogen receptor beta expression in bovine blood neutrophils."
Author(s): Lamote I, Demeyere K, Notebaert S, Burvenich C, Meyer E
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Bv / 1:500
PA1-311 was used in western blot to investigate the possible mechanisms for regulating different distinct estrogen functions by ER alpha and ER beta

J Reprod Dev. 2007 Oct;53(5):1059-68.
"Expressions of estrogen receptors in the bovine corpus luteum: cyclic changes and effects of prostaglandin F2alpha and cytokines."
Author(s): Shibaya M, Matsuda A, Hojo T, Acosta TJ, Okuda K
Number of Citations: 0
(See PubMed article )
  Bv / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in immunocytochemistry, immunohistochemistry, and western blot to investigate the distribution of multiple proteins in bovine frontal cortex during development

Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2011 Jun 1;172(2):211-7.
"Expression and localization of aromatase P450AROM, estrogen receptor-?, and estrogen receptor-? in the developing fetal bovine frontal cortex."
Author(s): Peruffo A, Giacomello M, Montelli S, Corain L, Cozzi B
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hm / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in western blot to investigate the role of the short heterodimer partner orphan nuclear receptor in regulating the agonist activity of tamoxifen.

Endocrinology. 2002 Mar;143(3):853-67.
"The agonist activity of tamoxifen is inhibited by the short heterodimer partner orphan nuclear receptor in human endometrial cancer cells."
Author(s): Klinge CM, Jernigan SC, Risinger KE
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hm / 0
PA1-311 was used in western blot to study estrogen receptor beta expression in Chinese hamster ovary cells

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2003 Jul;86(1):41-55.
"Identification of estrogen receptor beta expression in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and comparison of estrogen-responsive gene transcription in cells adapted to serum-free media."
Author(s): Thomas PB, Risinger KE, Klinge CM
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 1:200
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry, immunohistochemistry, and western blot to study the expression and localization of estrogen receptors in mammalian bone tissues

J Bone Miner Res. 1999 Jun;14(6):923-9.
"Expression and localization of estrogen receptor-beta in murine and human bone."
Author(s): Vidal O, Kindblom LG, Ohlsson C
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 1 ug/ml
PA1-311 was used in western blot and immunohistochemistry to study the expression of estrogen receptor subtypes and estrogen receptor beta isoforms in cancer samples.

Cancer Res. 2001 Jan 15;61(2):632-40.
"Expression of estrogen receptor (ER) subtypes and ERbeta isoforms in colon cancer."
Author(s): Campbell-Thompson M, Lynch IJ, Bhardwaj B
Number of Citations: 16
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 1:5000
PA1-311 was used in western blot to study the expression in pre- and post-menopausal myometrium of estrogen receptor-alpha and estrogen receptor-beta

Steroids. 2003 Jan;68(1):11-9.
"Expression of estrogen receptor alpha and beta in myometrium of premenopausal and postmenopausal women."
Author(s): Sakaguchi H, Fujimoto J, Aoki I, Tamaya T
Number of Citations: 6
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 1:1,000
PA1-311 was used in western blot to study the expression of ERbeta in rat septal or basilar artery lysates, ovarian or uterine homogenate

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2003 Apr;284(4):H1295-306.
"Epitope-dependent localization of estrogen receptor-alpha, but not -beta, in en face arterial endothelium."
Author(s): Dan P, Cheung JC, Scriven DR, Moore ED
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 2 ug/ml
PA1-311 was used in western blot and western blot to investigate the degradation mechanism of estrogen receptor alpha in mouse aorta smooth muscle cells

Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2004 Sep 30;224(1-2):65-71.
"Proteasome-dependent degradation of ERalpha but not ERbeta in cultured mouse aorta smooth muscle cells."
Author(s): Liang M, Nilsson BO
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 1:1000
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry and western blot to study the role of 17-beta-estradiol in regulating the expression of estrogen receptor-beta by human embryonic brain cells

Eur J Neurosci. 2004 Nov;20(9):2345-54.
"Estrogen receptor beta is expressed in human embryonic brain cells and is regulated by 17beta-estradiol."
Author(s): Fried G, Andersson E, Csöregh L, Enmark E, Gustafsson JA, Aanesen A, Osterlund C
Number of Citations: 11
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 1:500
PA1-311 was used in immunocytochemistry and western blot to investigate the impact of androgens on steroid receptor expression in 22RV1 cells

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2004 Oct;92(3):187-97.
"Characterisation of steroid receptor expression in the human prostate carcinoma cell line 22RV1 and quantification of androgen effects on mRNA regulation of prostate-specific genes."
Author(s): Hartel A, Didier A, Ulbrich SE, Wierer M, Meyer HH
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in western blot to study the expression and therapeutic potential of PELP1/MNAR and estrogen receptor-beta in salivary duct adenocarcinoma

Hum Pathol. 2005 Jun;36(6):670-5.
"Novel estrogen receptor coactivator PELP1/MNAR gene and ERbeta expression in salivary duct adenocarcinoma: potential therapeutic targets."
Author(s): Vadlamudi RK, Balasenthil S, Sahin AA, Kies M, Weber RS, Kumar R, El-Naggar AK
Number of Citations: 9
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 0
PA1-311 was used in western blot to investigate the effect of genistein on RWPE-1 cell proliferation and signal transduction and its mechanism

J Nutr Biochem. 2006 Mar;17(3):204-10.
"Genistein modulates prostate epithelial cell proliferation via estrogen- and extracellular signal-regulated kinase-dependent pathways."
Author(s): Wang X, Clubbs EA, Bomser JA
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in immunocytochemistry and western blot to investigate the role of estrogen receptor alpha during acute potassium channel stimulation in human coronary artery smooth muscle cells

J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2006 Mar;316(3):1025-30.
"Estrogen receptor alpha mediates acute potassium channel stimulation in human coronary artery smooth muscle cells."
Author(s): Han G, Yu X, Lu L, Li S, Ma H, Zhu S, Cui X, White RE
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in western blot to study the transcriptional regulation of nuclear respiratory factor-1 by estradiol.

Mol Endocrinol. 2008 Mar;22(3):609-22.
"Estradiol stimulates transcription of nuclear respiratory factor-1 and increases mitochondrial biogenesis."
Author(s): Mattingly KA, Ivanova MM, Riggs KA, Wickramasinghe NS, Barch MJ, Klinge CM
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 0
PA1-311 was used in western blot to investigate the mechanism for the stimulation of nitric oxide production by Resveratrol in human umbilical vein endothelial cells

FASEB J. 2008 Jul;22(7):2185-97.
"Resveratrol stimulates nitric oxide production by increasing estrogen receptor alpha-Src-caveolin-1 interaction and phosphorylation in human umbilical vein endothelial cells."
Author(s): Klinge CM, Wickramasinghe NS, Ivanova MM, Dougherty SM
Number of Citations: 16
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in western blot to estimate ERbeta protein expression level in human bronchial epithelial cells

Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2009 Jun 16;305(1-2):12-21.
"Activity and intracellular location of estrogen receptors alpha and beta in human bronchial epithelial cells."
Author(s): Ivanova MM, Mazhawidza W, Dougherty SM, Minna JD, Klinge CM
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 1:100
PA1-311 was used in western blot to investigate the effects of steroids on polyunsaturated fatty acid synthesis by human neuroblastoma cells

Neurochem Int. 2009 Sep;55(5):295-301.
"Differential effects of steroids on the synthesis of polyunsaturated fatty acids by human neuroblastoma cells."
Author(s): Extier A, Perruchot MH, Baudry C, Guesnet P, Lavialle M, Alessandri JM
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 1:2000
PA1-311 was used in western blot to investigate the estrogenic properties of isoflavones and naringenin-type flavanones

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2010 Jun;120(4-5):208-17.
"Activation of transgenic estrogen receptor-beta by selected phytoestrogens in a stably transduced rat serotonergic cell line."
Author(s): Amer DA, Kretzschmar G, Müller N, Stanke N, Lindemann D, Vollmer G
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 1:1000
PA1-311 was used in immunocytochemistry and western blot to investigate the relationship between estrogen receptor expression and muscle contraction

Cell Physiol Biochem. 2010;26(3):457-70.
"Gender-specific reduction in contraction is associated with increased estrogen receptor expression in single vascular smooth muscle cells of female rat."
Author(s): Ma Y, Qiao X, Falone AE, Reslan OM, Sheppard SJ, Khalil RA
Number of Citations: 2
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 0
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry and western blot to study estrogen receptor beta as a therapeutic target in cancer

Curr Pharm Des. 2012;18(19):2734-57.
"Estrogen receptor beta in cancer: an attractive target for therapy."
Author(s): Gallo D, De Stefano I, Grazia Prisco M, Scambia G, Ferrandina G
Number of Citations: 0
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / 1:1,000
PA1-311 was used in western blot and immunocytochemistry to study the expression of estrogen receptor beta in locus coeruleus-derivedcentral-adrenergic-tyrosine-hydroxylase-expressing cells.

Endocrinology. 2003 Jul;144(7):2829-35.
"Expression of functional estrogen receptor beta in locus coeruleus-derived Cath.a cells."
Author(s): Rincavage HL, McDonnell DP, Kuhn CM
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / 1:1,000
PA1-311 was used in western blot to investigate the role of somatic mutations of p53 in the estrogen receptor alpha-positive and -negative mouse mammary tumors.

Cancer Res. 2004 May 15;64(10):3525-32.
"Somatic mutation of p53 leads to estrogen receptor alpha-positive and -negative mouse mammary tumors with high frequency of metastasis."
Author(s): Lin SC, Lee KF, Nikitin AY, Hilsenbeck SG, Cardiff RD, Li A, Kang KW, Frank SA, Lee WH, Lee EY
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / 2 ug/ml
PA1-311 was used in western blot and western blot to investigate the degradation mechanism of estrogen receptor alpha in mouse aorta smooth muscle cells

Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2004 Sep 30;224(1-2):65-71.
"Proteasome-dependent degradation of ERalpha but not ERbeta in cultured mouse aorta smooth muscle cells."
Author(s): Liang M, Nilsson BO
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / 0.25 ug/ml
PA1-311 was used in western blot and western blot to investigate the level of estrogen receptor beta protein in monkeys and mice

J Neurobiol. 2005 Sep 5;64(3):298-309.
"ERbeta protein expression in female cynomolgus monkey and CF-1 mouse brain: Western analysis."
Author(s): Hu S, Lu SF, Kaplan JR, Adams MR, Simon NG
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / 1:500
PA1-311 was used in western blot to investigate the role of APOE4 genotype on the response of microglia and macrophages to 17beta-estradiol

Neurobiol Aging. 2008 Dec;29(12):1783-94.
"The APOE4 genotype alters the response of microglia and macrophages to 17beta-estradiol."
Author(s): Brown CM, Choi E, Xu Q, Vitek MP, Colton CA
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in western blot to investigate the effect of activin on estrogen receptor gene expression in mouse ovaries.

J Biol Chem. 2007 Dec 14;282(50):36755-65.
"Activin regulates estrogen receptor gene expression in the mouse ovary."
Author(s): Kipp JL, Kilen SM, Woodruff TK, Mayo KE
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / 2 ug/ml
PA1-311 was used in western blot to investigate the effect of lipopolysaccharide on the endothelial cell estrogen receptor expression

Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2010 May 5;319(1-2):8-13.
"Down-regulation of endothelial cell estrogen receptor expression by the inflammation promoter LPS."
Author(s): Holm A, Andersson KE, Nordström I, Hellstrand P, Nilsson BO
Number of Citations: 0
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in western blot to investigate the mechanism for the cardioprotective effect of estrogen in women

Eur J Pharmacol. 2010 Sep 1;641(2-3):168-78.
"VEGF signaling is disrupted in the hearts of mice lacking estrogen receptor alpha."
Author(s): Jesmin S, Mowa CN, Sultana SN, Shimojo N, Togashi H, Iwashima Y, Kato N, Sato A, Sakuma I, Hiroe M, Hattori Y, Yamaguchi N, Kobayashi H
Number of Citations: 0
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in western blot to investigate the involvement of estrogen receptor alpha and beta in cerebral vascular endothelial growth factor /Akt/NO pathway and angiogenesis

Biomed Res. 2010 Dec;31(6):337-46.
"Estrogen receptor alpha and beta are both involved in the cerebral VEGF/Akt/NO pathway and cerebral angiogenesis in female mice."
Author(s): Jesmin S, Mowa CN, Sultana SN, Mia S, Islam R, Zaedi S, Sakuma I, Hattori Y, Hiroe M, Yamaguchi N
Number of Citations: 0
(See PubMed article )
  Nhp / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in western blot to detect the expression and level of estrogen receptor beta in the monkey corpus luteum

Endocrinology. 2000 May;141(5):1711-7.
"Expression of estrogen receptor alpha and beta in the rhesus monkey corpus luteum during the menstrual cycle: regulation by luteinizing hormone and progesterone."
Author(s): Duffy DM, Chaffin CL, Stouffer RL
Number of Citations: 8
(See PubMed article )
  Nhp / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in western blot to investigate the role of the relaxin in regulating endometrial structure and function.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Mar 30;101(13):4685-9.
"Relaxin regulation of endometrial structure and function in the rhesus monkey."
Author(s): Goldsmith LT, Weiss G, Palejwala S, Plant TM, Wojtczuk A, Lambert WC, Ammur N, Heller D, Skurnick JH, Edwards D, Cole DM
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Nhp / 0.25 ug/ml
PA1-311 was used in western blot and western blot to investigate the level of estrogen receptor beta protein in monkeys and mice

J Neurobiol. 2005 Sep 5;64(3):298-309.
"ERbeta protein expression in female cynomolgus monkey and CF-1 mouse brain: Western analysis."
Author(s): Hu S, Lu SF, Kaplan JR, Adams MR, Simon NG
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Nhp / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in western blot to investigate the effect of activin on estrogen receptor gene expression in mouse ovaries.

J Biol Chem. 2007 Dec 14;282(50):36755-65.
"Activin regulates estrogen receptor gene expression in the mouse ovary."
Author(s): Kipp JL, Kilen SM, Woodruff TK, Mayo KE
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Ov / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry and western blot to examine the expression of ER-alpha and ER-beta in pregnant sheep UAECs

Biol Reprod. 2005 Mar;72(3):530-7.
"Expression of estrogen receptors-alpha and -beta in the pregnant ovine uterine artery endothelial cells in vivo and in vitro."
Author(s): Liao WX, Magness RR, Chen DB
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Ov / 1:1,000
PA1-311 was used in western blot to show that the expression of ER in the brain and pituitary of fetal sheep areis influenced by circulating estrogen concentrations and acutely regulated in response to cerebral hypoperfusion

Neuroendocrinology. 2008;87(4):216-22.
"Cerebral hypoperfusion increases estrogen receptor abundance in the ovine fetal brain and pituitary."
Author(s): N/A
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Ov / 1:1000
PA1-311 was used in western blot to study the estrogen receptor expression in ovine brain and pituitary during development

Gene Expr Patterns. 2008 Jul;8(6):457-63.
"Development of ER-alpha and ER-beta expression in the developing ovine brain and pituitary."
Author(s): Schaub CE, Gersting JA, Keller-Wood M, Wood CE
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Ov / 1:200
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry and western blot to investigate the effects of prenatal androgen excess on ovarian steroid receptor protein expression

Reproduction. 2009 May;137(5):865-77.
"Developmental programming: prenatal androgen excess disrupts ovarian steroid receptor balance."
Author(s): Ortega HH, Salvetti NR, Padmanabhan V
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Ov / 1:1,000
PA1-311 was used in western blot to investigate the possible effect of circulating estrogens on the expression of estrogen receptors in the late-gestation sheep fetus

Neonatology. 2009;96(2):115-9.
"Blockade of estrogen action upregulates estrogen receptor-alpha mRNA in the fetal brain."
Author(s): Schaub CE, Wood CE
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Rt / 1:2,000
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry and western blot to investigate the function of the estrogen in the penis.

Endocrinology. 2002 Dec;143(12):4764-74.
"Evidence for a potential role of estrogen in the penis: detection of estrogen receptor-alpha and -beta messenger ribonucleic acid and protein."
Author(s): Jesmin S, Mowa CN, Matsuda N, Salah-Eldin AE, Togashi H, Sakuma I, Hattori Y, Kitabatake A
Number of Citations: 3
(See PubMed article )
  Rt / 1:1,000
PA1-311 was used in western blot to study the expression of ERbeta in rat septal or basilar artery lysates, ovarian or uterine homogenate

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2003 Apr;284(4):H1295-306.
"Epitope-dependent localization of estrogen receptor-alpha, but not -beta, in en face arterial endothelium."
Author(s): Dan P, Cheung JC, Scriven DR, Moore ED
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Rt / 2 ug/ml
PA1-311 was used in western blot to study the possible changes of normal ER beta levels during the massive and stage-specific cellular apoptosis

J Androl. 2004 Jan-Feb;25(1):84-94.
"Increased expression of estrogen receptor beta in pachytene spermatocytes after short-term methoxyacetic acid administration."
Author(s): Tirado OM, Selva DM, Toràn N, Suárez-Quian CA, Jansen M, McDonnell DP, Reventós J, Munell F
Number of Citations: 2
(See PubMed article )
  Rt / 1:1,000
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry and western blot to investigate the functional role of ERalpha and ERbeta in uterine disruption.

Neoplasia. 2004 Sep-Oct;6(5):584-94.
"Developmental effects of prenatal exposure to bisphenol a on the uterus of rat offspring."
Author(s): Schönfelder G, Friedrich K, Paul M, Chahoud I
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Rt / 1:1000
PA1-311 was used in western blot to investigate the enhancing effect of testosterone on cognitive performance and its mechanism

Neurobiol Learn Mem. 2007 Jan;87(1):78-85.
"Androgens' effects to enhance learning may be mediated in part through actions at estrogen receptor-beta in the hippocampus."
Author(s): Edinger KL, Frye CA
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Rt / 1:2000
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry and western blot to investigate the influence of status epilepticus on strogen receptor alpha and beta expression in astrocytes of hippocampus

Neuropathology. 2009 Feb;29(1):55-62.
"Expression of estrogen receptor alpha and beta in reactive astrocytes at the male rat hippocampus after status epilepticus."
Author(s): Sakuma S, Tokuhara D, Hattori H, Matsuoka O, Yamano T
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Rt / 1:6000
PA1-311 was used in western blot to investigate the effect of transient estradiol exposeure on the cognition and brain function of ovariectomized rats

Endocrinology. 2010 Mar;151(3):1194-203.
"Transient estradiol exposure during middle age in ovariectomized rats exerts lasting effects on cognitive function and the hippocampus."
Author(s): Rodgers SP, Bohacek J, Daniel JM
Number of Citations: 6
(See PubMed article )
Immunocytochemistry
  Species / Dilution Summary
  Bv / 1:40
PA1-311 was used in immunocytochemistry, immunohistochemistry, and western blot to investigate the distribution of multiple proteins in bovine frontal cortex during development

Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2011 Jun 1;172(2):211-7.
"Expression and localization of aromatase P450AROM, estrogen receptor-?, and estrogen receptor-? in the developing fetal bovine frontal cortex."
Author(s): Peruffo A, Giacomello M, Montelli S, Corain L, Cozzi B
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in immunocytochemistry to study the role of ER in human intervertebral disc cells and the effects on disc cell proliferation.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2002;3():4.
"Expression and localization of estrogen receptor-beta in annulus cells of the human intervertebral disc and the mitogenic effect of 17-beta-estradiol in vitro."
Author(s): Gruber HE, Yamaguchi D, Ingram J, Leslie K, Huang W, Miller TA, Hanley EN Jr
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 0
PA1-311 was used in immunocytochemistry and western blot to investigate the impact of androgens on steroid receptor expression in 22RV1 cells

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2004 Oct;92(3):187-97.
"Characterisation of steroid receptor expression in the human prostate carcinoma cell line 22RV1 and quantification of androgen effects on mRNA regulation of prostate-specific genes."
Author(s): Hartel A, Didier A, Ulbrich SE, Wierer M, Meyer HH
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 1:2,000
PA1-311 was used in immunocytochemistry and western blot to investigate the role of estrogen receptor alpha during acute potassium channel stimulation in human coronary artery smooth muscle cells

J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2006 Mar;316(3):1025-30.
"Estrogen receptor alpha mediates acute potassium channel stimulation in human coronary artery smooth muscle cells."
Author(s): Han G, Yu X, Lu L, Li S, Ma H, Zhu S, Cui X, White RE
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 1:200
PA1-311 was used in immunocytochemistry to study the expression of mitochondrial oestrogen receptor beta and its role in cytochrome c oxidase subunit I expression in periodontal ligament cells

Arch Oral Biol. 2007 Jul;52(7):669-76.
"Demonstration of mitochondrial oestrogen receptor beta and oestrogen-induced attenuation of cytochrome c oxidase subunit I expression in human periodontal ligament cells."
Author(s): Jönsson D, Nilsson J, Odenlund M, Bratthall G, Broman J, Ekblad E, Lydrup ML, Nilsson BO
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 1:2,000
PA1-311 was used in immunocytochemistry to study how nongenomic estrogen signal is transduced in human coronary artery smooth muscle cells

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2007 Jul;293(1):H314-21.
"Nongenomic, endothelium-independent effects of estrogen on human coronary smooth muscle are mediated by type I (neuronal) NOS and PI3-kinase-Akt signaling."
Author(s): Han G, Ma H, Chintala R, Miyake K, Fulton DJ, Barman SA, White RE
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 1:50
PA1-311 was used in immunocytochemistry to show the localization of ERbeta in human normal lens epithelium

Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Sep;295(3):E637-47.
"Role of wild-type estrogen receptor-beta in mitochondrial cytoprotection of cultured normal male and female human lens epithelial cells."
Author(s): Flynn JM, Dimitrijevich SD, Younes M, Skliris G, Murphy LC, Cammarata PR
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / 1:250
PA1-311 was used in western blot and immunocytochemistry to study the expression of estrogen receptor beta in locus coeruleus-derivedcentral-adrenergic-tyrosine-hydroxylase-expressing cells.

Endocrinology. 2003 Jul;144(7):2829-35.
"Expression of functional estrogen receptor beta in locus coeruleus-derived Cath.a cells."
Author(s): Rincavage HL, McDonnell DP, Kuhn CM
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / 1:100
PA1-311 was used in immunocytochemistry to conduct the genetic analysis of hereditary non-polyposis colorectal carcinoma

Eur J Surg Oncol. 2008 Dec;34(12):1322-7.
"Difficulties in recognizing families with Hereditary Non-polyposis Colorectal Carcinoma. Presentation of 4 families with proven mutation."
Author(s): Tanyi M, Olasz J, Kámory E, Csuka O, Tanyi JL, Ress Z, Damjanovich L
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / 1:100
PA1-311 was used in immunocytochemistry to study the effects of estrogen on the growth of endothelial cells and cocultured vascular smooth muscle cells

Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2008 Mar;35(3):245-8.
"Stimulation of oestrogen receptor-expressing endothelial cells with oestrogen reduces proliferation of cocultured vascular smooth muscle cells."
Author(s): Odenlund M, Ekblad E, Nilsson BO
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / 0
PA1-311 was used in immunocytochemistry to investigate the effect of the GPER1 agonist G-1 on endothelial cell proliferation

J Vasc Res. 2011;48(4):327-35.
"The GPER1 agonist G-1 attenuates endothelial cell proliferation by inhibiting DNA synthesis and accumulating cells in the S and G2 phases of the cell cycle."
Author(s): Holm A, Baldetorp B, Olde B, Leeb-Lundberg LM, Nilsson BO
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Rt / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in immunocytochemistry to study the effect of contraceptive steroids on Sertoli cell junctions

Biochimie. 2009 Nov-Dec;91(11-12):1366-75.
"Contraceptive steroids from pharmaceutical waste perturbate junctional communication in Sertoli cells."
Author(s): Tramoni M, Gilleron J, Tahiri K, Carette D, Corvol MT, Segretain D, Pointis G, Savouret JF
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Rt / 1:500
PA1-311 was used in immunocytochemistry and western blot to investigate the relationship between estrogen receptor expression and muscle contraction

Cell Physiol Biochem. 2010;26(3):457-70.
"Gender-specific reduction in contraction is associated with increased estrogen receptor expression in single vascular smooth muscle cells of female rat."
Author(s): Ma Y, Qiao X, Falone AE, Reslan OM, Sheppard SJ, Khalil RA
Number of Citations: 2
(See PubMed article )
Immunohistochemistry
  Species / Dilution Summary
  Bv / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to investigate the role of bovine estrogen receptor-beta in ovarian follicular growth and maturation

Biol Reprod. 1999 Mar;60(3):691-7.
"Cloning, sequencing, and localization of bovine estrogen receptor-beta within the ovarian follicle."
Author(s): Rosenfeld CS, Yuan X, Manikkam M, Calder MD, Garverick HA, Lubahn DB
Number of Citations: 0
(See PubMed article )
  Bv / 0
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry and western blot to investigate the expression and localization of estrogen receptor alpha and beta and progesterone receptor in bovine oviducts

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2003 Feb;84(2-3):279-89.
"Expression and localization of estrogen receptor alpha, estrogen receptor beta and progesterone receptor in the bovine oviduct in vivo and in vitro."
Author(s): Ulbrich SE, Kettler A, Einspanier R
Number of Citations: 0
(See PubMed article )
  Bv / 4 ug/ml
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to study the changes of the expression of ER alpha, ER beta, PR and ERR alpha throughout development and in different functional states of the bovine mammary gland and to identify corresponding sites in the bo

J Endocrinol. 2005 Jun;185(3):593-603.
"Chromosomal mapping and quantitative analysis of estrogen-related receptor alpha-1, estrogen receptors alpha and beta and progesterone receptor in the bovine mammary gland."
Author(s): Connor EE, Wood DL, Sonstegard TS, da Mota AF, Bennett GL, Williams JL, Capuco AV
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Bv / 1:100
PA1-311 was used in immunocytochemistry, immunohistochemistry, and western blot to investigate the distribution of multiple proteins in bovine frontal cortex during development

Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2011 Jun 1;172(2):211-7.
"Expression and localization of aromatase P450AROM, estrogen receptor-?, and estrogen receptor-? in the developing fetal bovine frontal cortex."
Author(s): Peruffo A, Giacomello M, Montelli S, Corain L, Cozzi B
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 1:25
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry, immunohistochemistry, and western blot to study the expression and localization of estrogen receptors in mammalian bone tissues

J Bone Miner Res. 1999 Jun;14(6):923-9.
"Expression and localization of estrogen receptor-beta in murine and human bone."
Author(s): Vidal O, Kindblom LG, Ohlsson C
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to investigate the role of estrogen receptor beta

Mol Hum Reprod. 2001 Feb;7(2):137-45.
"Dominant expression and distribution of oestrogen receptor beta over oestrogen receptor alpha in the human corpus luteum."
Author(s): Hosokawa K, Ottander U, Wahlberg P, Ny T, Cajander S, Olofsson IJ
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 10 ug/ml
PA1-311 was used in western blot and immunohistochemistry to study the expression of estrogen receptor subtypes and estrogen receptor beta isoforms in cancer samples.

Cancer Res. 2001 Jan 15;61(2):632-40.
"Expression of estrogen receptor (ER) subtypes and ERbeta isoforms in colon cancer."
Author(s): Campbell-Thompson M, Lynch IJ, Bhardwaj B
Number of Citations: 16
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to study the expression of estrogen receptors alpha and beta in developing human bone.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 May;86(5):2309-14.
"Estrogen receptors alpha and beta are differentially expressed in developing human bone."
Author(s): Bord S, Horner A, Beavan S, Compston J
Number of Citations: 18
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to investigate the expression of insulin-like growth factor-I receptor in breast cancer

Horm Metab Res. 2003 Nov-Dec;35(11-12):794-801.
"Expression of the insulin-like growth factor-I receptor in primary breast cancer and lymph node metastases: correlations with estrogen receptors alpha and beta."
Author(s): Koda M, Sulkowski S, Garofalo C, Kanczuga-Koda L, Sulkowska M, Surmacz E
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 1:250
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry and western blot to study the role of 17-beta-estradiol in regulating the expression of estrogen receptor-beta by human embryonic brain cells

Eur J Neurosci. 2004 Nov;20(9):2345-54.
"Estrogen receptor beta is expressed in human embryonic brain cells and is regulated by 17beta-estradiol."
Author(s): Fried G, Andersson E, Csöregh L, Enmark E, Gustafsson JA, Aanesen A, Osterlund C
Number of Citations: 11
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to demonstrate that ER-alpha and -beta are upregulated by myocardial pressure load in human aortic stenosis

Circulation. 2004 Nov 16;110(20):3270-5.
"Upregulation of myocardial estrogen receptors in human aortic stenosis."
Author(s): Nordmeyer J, Eder S, Mahmoodzadeh S, Martus P, Fielitz J, Bass J, Bethke N, Zurbrügg HR, Pregla R, Hetzer R, Regitz-Zagrosek V
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 2 ug/ml
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to investigate the expression of estrogen receptors and apoptotic factors in human ovarian tissues before and after cryopreservation

Syst Biol Reprod Med. 2009 Dec;55(5-6):236-43.
"Assessment of estrogen receptors and apoptotic factors in cryopreserved human ovarian cortex."
Author(s): Depalo R, Lorusso F, Bettocchi S, Selvaggi L, Cavallini A, Valentini AM, Caruso ML, Lippolis C
Number of Citations: 0
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 1:75
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to investigate the expression of sex hormone and insulin receptors in chondrocytes and human primary articular cartilage cells

Ann Anat. 2011 Feb 20;193(1):23-9.
"C-28/I2 and T/C-28a2 chondrocytes as well as human primary articular chondrocytes express sex hormone and insulin receptors--Useful cells in study of cartilage metabolism."
Author(s): Claassen H, Schicht M, Brandt J, Reuse K, Schädlich R, Goldring MB, Guddat SS, Thate A, Paulsen F
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 0
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to develop and evaluate a murine model of endometriosis

J Pathol. 2011 Jun;224(2):261-9.
"Activation of mutated K-ras in donor endometrial epithelium and stroma promotes lesion growth in an intact immunocompetent murine model of endometriosis."
Author(s): Cheng CW, Licence D, Cook E, Luo F, Arends MJ, Smith SK, Print CG, Charnock-Jones DS
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 1:100
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to investigate the effect of estrogen on the proliferation of gingival epithelial cells

J Periodontal Res. 2011 Oct;46(5):622-8.
"Estrogen regulates DNA synthesis in human gingival epithelial cells displaying strong estrogen receptor ? immunoreactivity."
Author(s): Nebel D, Bratthall G, Ekblad E, Norderyd O, Nilsson BO
Number of Citations: 0
(See PubMed article )
  Hu / 0
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry and western blot to study estrogen receptor beta as a therapeutic target in cancer

Curr Pharm Des. 2012;18(19):2734-57.
"Estrogen receptor beta in cancer: an attractive target for therapy."
Author(s): Gallo D, De Stefano I, Grazia Prisco M, Scambia G, Ferrandina G
Number of Citations: 0
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / 1:50
Ms / 1:500
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to demonstrate the transcription and translation of estrogen receptor-beta in the male reproductive tract of estrogen receptor-alpha knock-out and wild-type mice

Endocrinology. 1998 Jun;139(6):2982-7.
"Transcription and translation of estrogen receptor-beta in the male reproductive tract of estrogen receptor-alpha knock-out and wild-type mice."
Author(s): Rosenfeld CS, Ganjam VK, Taylor JA, Yuan X, Stiehr JR, Hardy MP, Lubahn DB
Number of Citations: 8
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / 0
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to investigate the expression of steroid/thyroid hormone receptors in native mouse bone marrow cell culture and stromal/osteoblastic cells

Bone. 1999 May;24(5):465-73.
"Expression of the vitamin D receptor, of estrogen and thyroid hormone receptor alpha- and beta-isoforms, and of the androgen receptor in cultures of native mouse bone marrow and of stromal/osteoblastic cells."
Author(s): Gruber R, Czerwenka K, Wolf F, Ho GM, Willheim M, Peterlik M
Number of Citations: 2
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / 0
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry, immunohistochemistry, and western blot to study the expression and localization of estrogen receptors in mammalian bone tissues

J Bone Miner Res. 1999 Jun;14(6):923-9.
"Expression and localization of estrogen receptor-beta in murine and human bone."
Author(s): Vidal O, Kindblom LG, Ohlsson C
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / 1:100
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to investigate the influence of bisphenol A on estrogen receptor alpha/beta expression in male mouse testis

Life Sci. 2003 Jan 24;72(10):1159-69.
"Exposure to the environmental estrogen bisphenol A differentially modulated estrogen receptor-alpha and -beta immunoreactivity and mRNA in male mouse testis."
Author(s): Takao T, Nanamiya W, Nazarloo HP, Matsumoto R, Asaba K, Hashimoto K
Number of Citations: 3
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / 3 ug/ml
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to investigate the possible relationship of overexpression of ABP in the testis with the expression change of ER beta in pachytene spermatocytes that arrest at meiosis and degenerate by apoptosis

Biol Reprod. 2004 Nov;71(5):1461-8.
"Estrogen receptor beta expression and apoptosis of spermatocytes of mice overexpressing a rat androgen-binding protein transgene."
Author(s): Selva DM, Tirado OM, Toràn N, Suárez-Quian CA, Reventos J, Munell F
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / 1:100
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to investigate the expression of estrogen in the rat hippocampus

Brain Res. 2005 Sep 14;1056(1):22-35.
"Estrogen receptor alpha and beta immunoreactive neurons in normal adult and aged female rat hippocampus: a qualitative and quantitative study."
Author(s): Mehra RD, Sharma K, Nyakas C, Vij U
Number of Citations: 25
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / 1:100
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to investigate the distribution of estrogen receptors alpha and beta in spiny mouse ovary

J Mol Histol. 2007 Mar;38(1):25-32.
"Immunohistochemical localization of estrogen receptors ERalpha and ERbeta in the spiny mouse (Acomys cahirinus) ovary during postnatal development."
Author(s): Hu?as-Stasiak M, Gawron A
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / 0
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to investigate the anti-tumor therapeutic efficacy of dietary flaxseed with tamoxifen in athymic mice with MCF-7 Xenografts

Nutr Cancer. 2007;58(2):162-70.
"Dietary flaxseed interaction with tamoxifen induced tumor regression in athymic mice with MCF-7 xenografts by downregulating the expression of estrogen related gene products and signal transduction pathways."
Author(s): Chen J, Power KA, Mann J, Cheng A, Thompson LU
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to evaluate the effect of flaxseed alone and tamoxifen on MCF-7 breast tumor growth

Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2007 Sep;232(8):1071-80.
"Flaxseed alone or in combination with tamoxifen inhibits MCF-7 breast tumor growth in ovariectomized athymic mice with high circulating levels of estrogen."
Author(s): Chen J, Power KA, Mann J, Cheng A, Thompson LU
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Ms / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to study the effect of estradiol in cerebellar memory formation.

J Neurosci. 2007 Oct 3;27(40):10832-9.
"Estradiol improves cerebellar memory formation by activating estrogen receptor beta."
Author(s): Andreescu CE, Milojkovic BA, Haasdijk ED, Kramer P, De Jong FH, Krust A, De Zeeuw CI, De Jeu MT
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Nhp / 1:400
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to demonstrate the differential distribution of ERalpha and ERbeta mRNA in intrauterine tissues of the pregnant rhesus monkey

Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2000 Jan;278(1):C190-8.
"Differential distribution of ERalpha and ERbeta mRNA in intrauterine tissues of the pregnant rhesus monkey."
Author(s): Wu WX, Ma XH, Smith GC, Nathanielsz PW
Number of Citations: 2
(See PubMed article )
  Nhp / 1:50
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to investigate the level of estrogen receptor beta in monkey hippocampus

Neurosci Lett. 2004 Oct 7;369(1):9-13.
"Expression of estrogen receptor-beta in the postischemic monkey hippocampus."
Author(s): Takahashi N, Tonchev AB, Koike K, Murakami K, Yamada K, Yamashima T, Inoue M
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Ov / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry and western blot to examine the expression of ER-alpha and ER-beta in pregnant sheep UAECs

Biol Reprod. 2005 Mar;72(3):530-7.
"Expression of estrogen receptors-alpha and -beta in the pregnant ovine uterine artery endothelial cells in vivo and in vitro."
Author(s): Liao WX, Magness RR, Chen DB
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Ov / 1:50
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry and western blot to investigate the effects of prenatal androgen excess on ovarian steroid receptor protein expression

Reproduction. 2009 May;137(5):865-77.
"Developmental programming: prenatal androgen excess disrupts ovarian steroid receptor balance."
Author(s): Ortega HH, Salvetti NR, Padmanabhan V
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Po / 0
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to investigate the expression of estrogen receptor alpha and beta in the uterus and ovarian follicles

Domest Anim Endocrinol. 2005 Oct;29(3):523-33.
"Estrogen receptors in the uterus and ovarian follicles of gilts treated with dihydrotestosterone."
Author(s): Cárdenas H, Pope WF
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Rt / 2.0 ug/ml
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to study the role of the estrogen during the modulation of the oxytocin and arginine-vasopressin systems

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Mar 17;95(6):3281-6.
"Differential colocalization of estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta) with oxytocin and vasopressin in the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei of the female rat brain: an immunocytochemical study."
Author(s): Alves SE, Lopez V, McEwen BS, Weiland NG
Number of Citations: 12
(See PubMed article )
  Rt / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to study the vasculoprotective and uterotrophic mechanisms of estrogen receptors alpha and beta.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Jun 8;96(12):7077-82.
"Differentiation between vasculoprotective and uterotrophic effects of ligands with different binding affinities to estrogen receptors alpha and beta."
Author(s): Mäkelä S, Savolainen H, Aavik E, Myllärniemi M, Strauss L, Taskinen E, Gustafsson JA, Häyry P
Number of Citations: 9
(See PubMed article )
  Rt / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to study the role of estrogen and estrogen receptors in the development and survival of DRG neurons.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Sep 14;96(19):10905-10.
"Estrogen receptor-dependent regulation of sensory neuron survival in developing dorsal root ganglion."
Author(s): Patrone C, Andersson S, Korhonen L, Lindholm D
Number of Citations: 6
(See PubMed article )
  Rt / 1:2,000
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to determine the estrogen receptor beta protein expression in the rat cerebellum

Neurosci Lett. 2000 Jul 14;288(2):115-8.
"Expression of estrogen receptor-beta protein and mRNA in the cerebellum of the rat."
Author(s): Price RH Jr, Handa RJ
Number of Citations: 4
(See PubMed article )
  Rt / 0
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to study the mechanism for the dimorphism in gastric acid secretion between sexes

J Endocrinol. 2001 Oct;171(1):65-73.
"Immunolocalization of estrogen receptor alpha and beta in gastric epithelium and enteric neurons."
Author(s): Campbell-Thompson M, Reyher KK, Wilkinson LB
Number of Citations: 3
(See PubMed article )
  Rt / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry and western blot to investigate the function of the estrogen in the penis.

Endocrinology. 2002 Dec;143(12):4764-74.
"Evidence for a potential role of estrogen in the penis: detection of estrogen receptor-alpha and -beta messenger ribonucleic acid and protein."
Author(s): Jesmin S, Mowa CN, Matsuda N, Salah-Eldin AE, Togashi H, Sakuma I, Hattori Y, Kitabatake A
Number of Citations: 3
(See PubMed article )
  Rt / 1:80
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry to investigate the regulation of estrogen receptor by the para/autocrine process in hippocampal neurons

Hippocampus. 2003;13(2):226-34.
"Para/autocrine regulation of estrogen receptors in hippocampal neurons."
Author(s): Prange-Kiel J, Wehrenberg U, Jarry H, Rune GM
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Rt / 1:500
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry and western blot to investigate the functional role of ERalpha and ERbeta in uterine disruption.

Neoplasia. 2004 Sep-Oct;6(5):584-94.
"Developmental effects of prenatal exposure to bisphenol a on the uterus of rat offspring."
Author(s): Schönfelder G, Friedrich K, Paul M, Chahoud I
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Rt / 1:500
PA1-311 was used in immunohistochemistry and western blot to investigate the influence of status epilepticus on strogen receptor alpha and beta expression in astrocytes of hippocampus

Neuropathology. 2009 Feb;29(1):55-62.
"Expression of estrogen receptor alpha and beta in reactive astrocytes at the male rat hippocampus after status epilepticus."
Author(s): Sakuma S, Tokuhara D, Hattori H, Matsuoka O, Yamano T
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
Flow Cytometry
  Species / Dilution Summary
  Bv / 0
PA1-311 was used in flow cytometry to investigate the estrogen receptor protein expression level in neutrophils of cows in early lactation.

Theriogenology. 2006 Apr 1;65(6):1082-98.
"Expression of the estrogen receptor in blood neutrophils of dairy cows during the periparturient period."
Author(s): Lamote I, Meyer E, De Ketelaere A, Duchateau L, Burvenich C
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
  Bv / 10 ug/ml
PA1-311 was used in flow cytometry and western blot to investigate the expression of estrogen receptor beta in bovine blood neutrophils

J Immunol Methods. 2007 May 31;323(1):88-92.
"Flow cytometric assessment of estrogen receptor beta expression in bovine blood neutrophils."
Author(s): Lamote I, Demeyere K, Notebaert S, Burvenich C, Meyer E
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
Immunoprecipitation
  Species / Dilution Summary
  Hu / 0
PA1-311 was used in immunoprecipitation to investigate the mechanism of gene expression regulation by estrogen receptor alpha and beta

Mol Endocrinol. 2008 May;22(5):1032-43.
"Estrogen Receptors alpha and beta as determinants of gene expression: influence of ligand, dose, and chromatin binding."
Author(s): Chang EC, Charn TH, Park SH, Helferich WG, Komm B, Katzenellenbogen JA, Katzenellenbogen BS
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
ChIP assay
  Species / Dilution Summary
  Hu / Not Cited
PA1-311 was used in chimmunoprecipitation to investigate the interplay between estrogen receptor alpha and estrogen receptor beta at the genomic level

Mol Endocrinol. 2010 Jan;24(1):47-59.
"Genome-wide dynamics of chromatin binding of estrogen receptors alpha and beta: mutual restriction and competitive site selection."
Author(s): Charn TH, Liu ET, Chang EC, Lee YK, Katzenellenbogen JA, Katzenellenbogen BS
Number of Citations: 1
(See PubMed article )
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